December 2017. Wu JHY, Downs S, Catterall E, Bloem M, Zheng M, Veerman L, Barendregt J, Thomas B.

This expert commentary analyses data and recent policy developments to: examine the levels of trans fatty acids (TFA) in food consumed in Australia; assess the corresponding burden on coronary heart disease (CHD); and determine the effectiveness of policies to reduce intake. The analysis revealed TFA levels in food varied substantially. While intake was relatively low compared with other countries, around one in ten Australians exceeded the recommended limits. Attributable CHD risk was estimated to be 1.5% of all heart disease mortality. Policies to reduce the impact of TFA have shown some effect, however stronger policies are likely to enhance this.