Investigators: Prof Bruce Armstrong, Ms Julie Depczynski, Dr Timothy Dobbins, A/Prof Tony Lower (CI). Australian farmers have significantly elevated rates of death from prostate and lympho-haematopoietic cancers compared with other Australians. It is not known if this is related to higher incidence of these cancers, later presentation, later diagnosis or access to best treatment. The contribution of behavioural, environmental, health service use and other rural factors is also unknown. This project is a population-based examination of risk factors, incidence, screening, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of major cancers in NSW farmers. It will look at the comparative incidence, screening rates, stage at presentation, treatment and survival rates of major cancers in Australian farmers with rural non-farmers and urban Australians. It will also explore behavioural, environmental, socioeconomic and other risk factors associated with such differences.