Investigators: A/Prof Sharon Friel (CI), Dr Rosemary Korda, Ms Isabel Latz, Dr Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan. Existing research has shown that an individuals’ position in society and the associated differences in access to resources such as employment, education and housing is associated with the social distribution in health outcomes. Various demographic and socio-economic factors have been studied in the context of health status, with results generally indicating poorer health outcomes with lower social status. The overall aim of this project is to provide new evidence on the associations between material, socio-cultural, psychosocial and behavioural factors and a number of major physical and mental health outcomes in a large Australian cohort of middle-aged and older citizens. The results of this project will provide new insight into the relative influence of social and health inequalities, highlighting key entry points for public policy.