November 2017. Williams B, Bowles K, Lubman D, Chakraborty S, Beovich B et al. This review examines models of care and aftercare for women and women with children in residential rehabilitation for alcohol and other drug problems. The review also explores the benefits of treatment services which allow children to remain with their mothers. The evidence indicates that women only rehabilitation is associated with positive outcomes for women, although did not support recommending one model of care or aftercare over another. The review identified both benefits and challenges associated with allowing children to remain with their mother during treatment, although overall it was suggested to be beneficial, particularly in promoting motivation to seek and remain in treatment.