This Evidence Check review looked at the evidence for considering masculinity or ‘being male’ in  developing mental health programs. Overall, it found a strong relationship between traditional masculinity and help-seeking, stigma, suicide, and body image; confirming the assertion that ‘being male’ should be a key consideration in developing approaches to improving men’s mental health and wellbeing.  Moderate to strong evidence was found across different characteristics of traditional masculinity. This held true among sub-groups of men such as minority ethnic men and gay men. The review also identified a number of gaps in the evidence base which could be addressed by future research.

Readers seeking support and information about mental health can contact Lifeline on 13 11 14, or Beyond Blue on 1300 22 4636.


Robertson S, Bagnall A, Michael Walker M.

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